|Fidel Castro today|
In the Moncada only two recognized Communists fought. According to Melba Hernandez, among the moncadistas it was forbidden to mention the Marxist thesis. But neither was their criticism of communism by Fidel in his insurrectional stage. However, Melba Hernandez herself said that Abel Santamaria - who died in the Moncada -, always insisted on the need for Fidel to become a communist. In the famous speech "History Will Absolve Me" which has a good stretch of plagiarism from Hitler - between the lines - Gaston Baquero interpreted that one could suspect a latent Marxist spirit.Debray has insisted that in the Cuban technique, Castro replaced the Party for the Army. Perhaps that is why Che said that the army of the Sierras one could already count on a minimum program of action, since among his troops indoctrination was not scarce. Never forget that for Castro all methods and means are useful provided that they serve his plans, whether they are orthodox or heterodox from the Marxist-Leninist point of view.
Carlos Rafael Rodriguez played a key role in the process of the Marxist affirmation of Castro and the marriage of what was originally a mere concubinage of the Commander in Chief with old and new communists. So that first the ORI (Integrated Revolutionary Organizations) was formed that harbored within the acronym the most involved in the process. Later it was called the PURS (United Party of the Socialist Revolution) and finally unmasked, the PCC (Cuban Communist Party) in 1965.Castro, of course, is not a reliable ally of anyone. His relations with the Soviet Union and Communist China have always been variable and temperamental, like all of his behavior, ranging from abject submission to intense rebelliousness. His conversations with the Russians -openly- begin in Cuba since the year 1959 itself, almost always held in the INRA (Agrarian Reform Institute). Its director -Núñez Jiménez- played an important role in parallel interregnum. According to Fabio Grobart, the incipient melting of all elements of the old and the new guard began in 1959. But those attending those meetings were always filtered by Fidel. The most assiduous of the cabal: Che, Camilo, Raul, Blas Roca, Ramiro Valdes and Alfredo Guevara. Someone said, "Shit, now that we are government we have to continue to meet illegally".
A "Civic Preparation Manual" loaded with Marxist doctrine was soon text for schools. Delivery to the communists of the CTC labor union (see Chapter VI) was one of the most indecent "acts" carried out to usurp control from the non-Communists. When Castro declared himself socialist many avenues had already been taken. Raul within a few months disrupted the military apparatus and formed a new army with a police state style military and security service styled after communist countries. The end was always the same, the means varied.
The tests of the communization process were increasingly evident. Some politicians and priests who had lived through similar stages in China and Europe clearly saw the typical characteristics of the phenomenon. But no one seemed to believe it. In any case they wanted to maintain the good faith they had in Castro who had been so deified. They did not want to confess their great mistake of having collaborated so much to establish the new regime. Among the few politicians who prophesied disaster one must mention Juan Antonio Rubio Padilla, great figure of the 1930 generation, who never tired of reporting, well in advance, the Communist maneuvers. Moreover, Batista accused Castro and his revolution of being communist, but the lack of morality of that government rested credibility to their claims. The fear of being shot -physical or morally- inhibited many from manifesting themselves clearly. Verbal terrorism was imposed that was a real nightmare. A wave of slander crushed dissidents and opponents. Censorship and "tag lines" in newspapers froze action. Soon the entire independent press was confiscated.
Within a few months it seemed like a nightmare. Desertions, betrayals, false accusations, censures, disrespecting the person, revolutionary institutions, media, economic, religious and all types. Young and old, men and women who showed their anti-communism were persecuted, imprisoned or shot; it did not seem real. The children denounced their parents. The married betrayed their partner, the brothers betrayed their brothers. The firing squad increased. Prison and exile were the only way out to survive.
The fact that Castro is a shrewd rascal, with all the good and bad capabilities he possesses, is an index that he did what he wanted, namely to establish a communist country. What he did in Cuba was therefore what most aspired to do. He could have been a great constructive reformer if he had wanted to be. If this communization followed by so many -some because they were fools, others because they were lively opportunists- it is because they succumbed to the witch's brew prepared by this great actor and playwright who planned to bring Cuba into the international communist stage.