|Cholera patients in Cuba (CNN)|
Kristof cites the questions about Cuban government statistics and dismisses them by citing that the World Health Organization and the United Nations have praised the Cuban health care system. He fails to mention that the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) is being sued for conspiring "with the Cuban government to collect millions of dollars by unlawfully trafficking Cuban doctors to Brazil." (PAHO is the Regional Office for the Americas for the World Health Organization [WHO], and is recognized internationally as a part of the United Nations system.) According to a November 29, 2018 article by Frances Robles, in The New York Times, PAHO "made about $75 million off the work of up to 10,000 Cuban doctors who earned substandard wages in Brazil."
The Cuban doctors were also separated from their families. The Castro regime feared that if they went to work abroad with their families, the doctors would be less likely to return to Cuba.
Kristof is trying to make the case for a "free, universal health care system", but a question arises: Why look at Cuba's with its questionable data and repressive dictatorship? There are other Latin American countries with universal healthcare such as Costa Rica, and Chile. Their infant mortality rates are good, but not better than the United States. Although, Chile's is almost equal to the U.S. Incidentally, if you believe Cuba's infant mortality rate numbers, than a lecture needs to be made to Canada, because America's neighbor to the North also has a higher infant mortality rate then Cuba's (despite Canada having a free, universal health care system.) The World Bank 2017 infant mortality rates for the following countries are: Canada (5), Chile (6), Costa Rica (8), the United States (6), and Cuba (4).
Not mentioned by Kristof is the study by economist Roberto Gonzalez at the University of Chapel Hill who provides an analysis that explains in detail how the numbers are fudged. The actual estimate of the IMR in Cuba has a median estimate of 9.04 and a range that begins at 5.79 and extends up to 11.16. There is a policy in Cuba to do away with problem pregnancies, which is also a factor for the IMR rate in Cuba and the high rates of abortions. According to sources used by Kristof the IMR in the United States is 5.9.
However one should take a serious look at the Cuban healthcare system overall.
|Three of the victims of exposure and hypothermia at Mazorra in 2010|
In July 2013 an Italian tourist returned from Cuba with severe renal failure due to Cholera. New York high school teacher Alfredo Gómez contracted cholera during a family visit to Havana during the summer of 2013 and was billed $4,700 from the government hospital. A total of 12 tourists have been identified who have contracted cholera in Cuba.
On December 28, 2017 the Spanish news service EFE reported that the Castro regime had dismantled a network of medical officials and workers who'd adulterated a medicine for children made at the laboratories of the state-owned drug company BioCubaFarma. They replaced the active substance methylphenidate with a placebo substance in the manufacture of the drug marketed as "Ritalin." The active substance was sold on the black market. Nevertheless, The Miami Herald had an article touting the importance of importing drugs from Cuba on December 14th.
The statistics and numbers that the international community has access to with relation to the Cuban healthcare system have been manipulated by the dictatorship. Katherine Hirschfeld, an anthropologist, in Health, Politics, and Revolution in Cuba Since 1898 describes how her idealistic preconceptions were dashed by 'discrepancies between rhetoric and reality,' she observed a repressive, bureaucratized and secretive system, long on 'militarization' and short on patients' rights.
The importance of public health transparency
Sherri L. Porcelain is an adjunct professor who has taught Global Public Health in World Affairs at the University of Miami for more than 30 years. She wrote an important analysis titled U.S. & Cuba: A Question of Indifference? I could not find this article on the ICCAS web site, found it initially at Professor Suchlicki's Cuba Studies Institute, but it is no longer online. This is troubling and what Dr. Porcelain's analysis reveals is disturbing.
"Investment in the health of people includes protecting human rights. This means allowing the health community to speak out and not to be jailed for releasing information about a dengue epidemic considered a state secret, or not sharing timely data on a cholera outbreak until laboratory confirmation of travelers returning from Cuba arrive home with a surprising diagnosis. This causes me to reflect upon my personal interviews where the remaining vigor of public health actions in Cuba exists to fight vector and water borne diseases. Sadly, however, health professionals are directed to euphemistically use the vague terms of febrile illness in place of dengue and gastrointestinal upset for cholera, in contradiction to promoting public health transparency."Let us hope that this myth of the Castro regime being a health care super power be debunked before any more foreign patients or tourists are negatively impacted or that policy makers in other countries seek to follow Nicholas Kristof's advice and copy the disastrous system in the island.